8. What are NFTs?

In essence, an NFT is a collectable digital item that has value both as a cryptocurrency and as a piece of art or culture. NFTs are being viewed as a value-holding investment in the same way that art is. But how do you do it?

Let's start with a definition of the phrase. NFT stands for a non-fungible token, which is a sort of cryptocurrency similar to Bitcoin and Ethereum. However, unlike a normal coin on the Bitcoin network, an NFT is one-of-a-kind and cannot be swapped for other NFTs (hence, non-fungible). 

So, what distinguishes an NFT from a standard cryptocurrency? The file contains additional data, elevating it above plain cash and allowing it to be used for, well, anything. NFTs come in a variety of shapes and sizes, but they may be a piece of digital art or a music file — anything unique that can be saved digitally and considered valuable. In essence, they are similar to any other tangible collector's item, except that instead of an oil painting on canvas to display on your wall, you receive a JPG file. 

NFTs are stored on a blockchain, which is a decentralized public ledger that keeps track of transactions. Most people are familiar with blockchain as the underlying technology that allows cryptocurrencies to exist. NFTs are most often kept on the Ethereum blockchain, although they can also be stored on other blockchains(Binance Smart Chain, Flow by Dapper Labs, Tron, Tezos, Cosmos, EOS, WAX, Polkadot). 

An NFT is made up of digital objects that represent both tangible and ethereal objects, such as: 

  • Art 
  • GIFs 
  • Videos and sports highlights 
  • Collectables 
  • Virtual avatars and video game skins 
  • Designer sneakers 
  • Music 

Even tweets are taken into account. Jack Dorsey, a co-founder of Twitter, sold his first tweet as an NFT for over $2.9 million. 

NFTs are essentially digital versions of tangible collector's artefacts. As a result, rather than receiving a real oil painting to put on the wall, the customer receives a digital file. 

They also obtain exclusive rights to the property. It's true: NFTs can only have one owner at a time. Because NFTs include unique data, it's simple to verify ownership and transfer tokens between owners. They can also be used to hold particular information by the owner or author. Artists, for example, can sign their work by putting their signature in the metadata of an NFT. 

NFTs are undoubtedly having a moment, with artists, gamers, and marketers from all walks of life contributing to the trend. In fact, it appears like a new participant enters the NFT market every day. 

Stepping into the NFT world provides artists with a new area and format in which to produce and share art, as well as a new opportunity for their fans to support their work. Artists may give the public a variety of methods to acquire art and generate money, with pieces ranging from simple, quick-to-create GIFs to more elaborate masterpieces. 

The production of NFTs necessitates a massive quantity of energy. So much so that many opponents are concerned about the craze's potential environmental damage. One artwork dubbed 'Coronavirus' spent an amazing 192 kWh in its development, according to CryptoArt.wtf, a site set up to quantify the carbon footprint of NFTs (which is currently unavailable). That's the equivalent of a European Union resident's whole two-week energy use. But, you say, that must be an exceptionally large chunk. No, a simple GIF may equal the same amount of consumption. 

Newsletter-ul Startarium. Citește sinteza lunară direct pe e-mail