12. Digital tools to create a Theory of Change

There are a number of software options available – both paid for and free to use to create a Theory of Change.

Google Drawings 

Google Drawings is intuitive, easy to use and clean design. If you want to add any narrative, assumptions or comments, you can simply use a Google Doc. You can share it with someone with or without a Google account and they can add comments. It isn’t specifically designed for theory of change, so you need to know what you want to create in the first place. You can also download using a wide variety of download options including .jpg, .png and .pdf. 



MindMup is originally designed for mind mapping but lends itself very well to theories of change. You can use your Microsoft account to sign in and it uses Microsoft-style formatting. You can add notes (to show indicators) and create ‘storyboards’ (slides for each box, in any order) and download into a PPT or PDF. It’s very intuitive, with an attractive layout and the ability to add images. 

It is not theory of change-specific and you can’t fully control how the arrows meet the boxes. It’s not a free tool, though it is very affordable. 



Coggle is mind-mapping software that is intuitive and slick. Formatting is relatively straight-forward, though it lacks a formatting bar, there’s a good help section. You can make comments on points in the map as well as open a discussion pane, so it is great for sharing and review. It downloads well into PDF and PNG files. The ‘presentation mode’ enables a zoomable full-screen version, which is handy when sharing your TOC with colleagues or running a workshop. 

It is not theory of change specific and it has a particular style with curvy lines. The free version has some design limitations, but the paid-for version is also affordable. 



Is an online theory of change builder. It allows you to collaborate when creating theories of change and present them in an engaging way. 

It was designed specifically to design theories of change.  

You can create one theory for free and you have full design functionality in this free version. It is more expensive than Coggle and MindMup.  


Template Theory of Change


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